by Leticia Paiva
Between 20 and May 22, happened in FEAUSP the 12th International Conference on Information Systems and Technology Management (CONTECSI), which featured dozens of workshops and forums. For this edition, a congressional application was created with information about the program and speakers, as well as connectivity with social networks. Simultaneously, there were the 34th World Continuous Auditing and Reporting Systems Symposium (WCARS), the 1st International Conference on Technology and Information Organization (TOI) and the 1st International IT Meeting. The general coordinator of CONTECSI is professor Edson Luiz Riccio.
The 1st International IT Meeting was conducted by GAESI, Poli USP group that researches and develops automation technologies and management processes. The panel revolved around the concept of Smart Cities, with presentation technology initiatives in the area.
According to definition of GAESI, "Smart Cities are communities who knowingly use information technology to transform the relations of life and work within their territory." Professor Mario Eduardo Dias, who coordinates the team, has listed some of the group's recent projects done in partnership with the City of São Paulo, such as traffic signal integration, providing conditions for cities to create centers of urban mobility and urban janitorial, using electronic data and georrefereciamento to integrate, in real time, information collected by the tax, with the central administration. "Technologies like these will be used throughout Brazil," said the teacher.
Electronic Documents - System Authenticator transmitter (SAT)
The researcher Vidal Melo, a member of GAESI, presented the SAT, technological model for automation of the issuance of tax documents, to be used in the control of tax collection by the São Paulo State Finance. With the equipment installed in facilities, the provision of taxpayer accounts is automatically and in real time. Thus, the fiscal Revenue not need to go to establishments collecting documents, and the taxpayer spends less effort and costs in the statement, since the whole process is automated. The `Invoice Paulista', which benefits consumers, it is also automatically updated, but the proof can still be requested at time of purchase.
The model seeks to prevent tax evasion, which occurs in 60% of retail operations and diverts about 3.5 billion reais from public coffers, according to 2009 data cited by Vidal Melo. The information captured by the system as time and value of transactions, allow analyzing behavioral patterns of consumers and facilitate the control in commercial areas difficult to measure in the previous system, and can operate independently of the internet connection.
According to Vidal Melo, the model allows the creation of a more just and intelligent society, as well as improving the competitiveness between companies, which would be more uniform and full. "Every solution we have to control tax fraud can solve other problems." The electronic system shall be binding in São Paulo from July to most establishments.
The problems and some of the solutions for urban mobility in the city of São Paulo guided the exposure Jilmar Tatto, Municipal Secretary of São Paulo Transportation. "The problem of the city is not the lack of space, but the way that space is occupied," he said. 46% of trips are made in individual vehicles (which take up more space in the number of people who carry) and 54% in public mass transit. According to him, "the trend is not improving as the number of cars entering the city has risen again." The cars occupy 80% of the street as a minority in number of users, but "complain that the bus lanes are withdrawing their space."
Jilmar Tatto states that this corresponds to the "rodoviarista logic" of the organization of the city, where private cars have higher priority at the expense of pedestrians, cyclists and public transport. It points out that the tracks and bus lanes were able to save four hours per week of its users, and that the new cross bands present in some parts of the city facilitated the crossing of pedestrians with only seven seconds longer waiting at the traffic lights for cars. "These changes allow this` rodoviarista' logic is changed. " He says the bike paths also help in this process, considering that "there are more cyclists than travel in taxis in São Paulo", which would justify a change in the configuration of the streets. "The goal is to make the city more human, so there is a concern for giving space to those who did not."
José Evaldo Gonçalo, Deputy Secretary of the Municipal Secretariat of Transport of São Paulo, presented the Integrated Center for Urban Mobility (CIMU), which will be deployed in the city. He said the new system will integrate all the information about transport and traffic on a single base, with "smart nonexistent level in Brazil" .One of the key will be the Bus System Control Centre (OCC), which will enable the overall coordination fleet, avoiding spraying of the commands in the garages as is currently monitoring for placement of cars according to demand; and operational control of traffic, avoiding irregular intervals in travel. The changes occur in conjunction with the proposals of the Master Plan on urban mobility that claim, among other things, decentralize bus lines.
Elcio Brito, GAESI researcher, demonstrated the application of traceability to control smuggling, cargo theft and counterfeit drugs. In the system, the industry has a database containing the unique IDs (a kind of RG) of drugs, passed on to the distributor and then to retail. So all `passos' of drugs are recorded electronically. "Every link in the chain by which the drug passes has responsibility for the transition," the researcher explains.
"Traceability is the main mechanism against illegality, but doing so in a country like Brazil is not easy," he says. There will be a pilot of the system model with a few industries and a few batches of medicinal products; to function properly, it can be deployed in 2016.
Technology Initiatives to secure food chain
The researcher Vidal Melo closed the panel exposing the project called Canal Blue, electronic seal with information on products stored in containers Technology also uses the automatic transmission concepts and data traceability. It allows the anticipation of errors in transportation, reduces costs, reduces paperwork, eliminates risk of loss of cargo and, especially, ensures greater agility in the supply chain. With the system, the wait for the release of the charge that was dropped a few days to a few hours, reducing queues at ports. As it is also electronic, the accumulation of stacks of documents on paper is also avoided.
Vidal Melo argues that the private layer to communicate the public layer, for that "one must have an automation interface between the private and the public, which would be the SAT."